THE DPRK’S NUCLEAR ISSUE: VIEWS FROM BEIJING, PYONGYANG AND SEOUL
In the UNSC, China voted affirmatively for the economic and military sanctions that were imposed against the DPRK. It proved once again that the main role of a responsible power is to maintain stability and peace, halting the proliferation of WMDs, even if doing so is against the interests of its ally. China is also disappointed because Seoul and Tokyo can follow Pyongyang and create their own nuclear arsenals. These possible developments would change the balance of power in the Far East.
China invests in the DPRK’s economy to maintain stability. From Beijing’s perspective, if China does not continue to help the DPRK, the US may attempt to fill the vacuum, and the DPRK would move to the US’s camp or unite with the ROK. I believe that voting affirmatively for heavy UNSC sanctions against the DPRK before China could calculate future developments and find new ways to improve China-DPRK economic relations. It is worth mentioning, that China maintains good relations with the DPRK and the ROK; thus, China has served as a mediator between the two sides, strengthening its role as a responsible and important player in modern international relations. The ROK in the one hand want to maintain stable situation in the Korean Peninsula cooperating with China and for this goal it uses economic tools, but in the other hand it gives the green light to the US to maintain troops in ROK territory as its leaders see the US as its protector in the event of a DPRK attack.
ROK society appears to have begun discussions about the possibility of its own nuclear arsenal. These discussions must stand as a signal to the UNSC that it must attempt to find new ways to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.
«21st CENTURY»,No 1, 2016Full Text